名和晃平個展「ORACLE」

Nawa is based in Kyoto out of his studio, Sandwich, which recently celebrated its tenth anniversary. As an homage to the Kamakura-Period sculpture Kasuga Shinroku Shari Zushi, he presents Trans-Sacred Deer (g/p_cloud_agyo) – also known as Shinroku – produced using woodcarving, urushi lacquer, and gold and platinum leaf techniques. This work is part of a project that Nawa has been developing for a few years, and aims to promote traditional crafts in Kyoto. The current pandemic made international travel problematic, but it mostly gave him the opportunity to spend time in the studio and work on a variety of new creations: this show reveals a selection of the pieces born from his last experimentations, including paintings in which he produced complex materiality and textures by combining multiple art media, paints, and oils, as well as new works using UV lasers. GYRE's atrium features “Silhouette,” a sculptural installation that was developed for pianist Koki Nakano’s concert stage in Spiral Hall in Tokyo and ROHM Theatre Kyoto in 2018. Revolving bodies made of curves extracted from melodic sound determine the volumes, while highly reflective silicon carbide beads cover the surface “skin.” The exhibition coincides with the Centennial Celebration of the Establishment of Meiji Jingu. White Deer (Meiji Jingu) is exhibited in front of the Meiji Jingu Museum and Ho / Oh, produced using the same woodcarving, lacquer, and gold/platinum leaf techniques as Shinroku, are on display at the southern gate in front of Meiji Jingu’s main shrine. These sculptures mark the way from Omotesando to the main shrine and represent hope for a new future.
*The title of the exhibition,Oracle, is a reference to things that provide a divine revelation, divine will, and guidance.

Exhibit Works

  • PixCell-Crow#5

PixCell

In the PixCell series of sculptures, transparent spheres (cells) are used to cover the surface of an object, transforming it into PixCells (pixels + cells). The object (motif) is acquired through the internet and given a skin of a large, indeterminate number of cells, resembling an image (a group of pixels) on a computer monitor. When the object is completely covered with spheres (cells) of various sizes, dividing its skin into individual cells (PixCells), it is ready to be ‘viewed’ through lenses that enlarge and distort it. This series, whose origin was influenced by globalism and the growing significance of data, produces a visual and tactile experience that queries the reality of the skin of the object, while reflecting the relationship between the digital camera lens and the object that is digitized by it.
* PixCell: Pixel (picture element) + Cell ("PixCell" is a term coined by Nawa)
  • PixCell-Reedbuck (Aurora)
            

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  • Black Field

Black Field

Black Field is art that deals with the theme of ‘field,’ and continues to change its state over a period of several months, employing the special characteristics of a mixture of oil paints and oil. The black oil paint that has been applied in layers on the wooden panel gradually oxidizes and hardens, beginning with the part exposed to air. Over the course of this solo exhibition, textures will emerge from the entire surface as it contracts and fissures occur.
In the early stages of the creation process, even the flat parts crinkle over the course of two to three weeks, and the parts that can no longer withstand the tension in the skin crack. In the parts that have cracked, the oil paint, containing liquid rich in oil, is exposed, and a new reaction begins. This process, in which phenomena are transformed into representation, is similar to what happens to soil exposed to repeated cycles of wind and rain and dry weather, and the cracks bring to mind the cells in the skin of plants called stomata that open and close in response to changes in turgor pressure.
          

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  • 「Trans-Sacred Deer (g/p_cloud_agyo)」

Trans

The shinroku—a deer serving as a messenger of the Gods—flying on a cloud to Kasuga has been a symbolic image throughout the history of Nara art, and this work represents Takemikazuchi, the deity enshrined in the First Hall of the Main Sanctuary at the Kasugataisha Shrine, appearing in physical form riding on a deer from Kashima to Kasuga.
Trans-Sacred Deer (g/p cloud) was first created from data with a 3D modeling system, and made using traditional techniques such as woodcarving, lacquer, and gold and platinum leaf. Its motif is the shinroku deer depicted in the Kasuga Shinroku Shari Zushi sculpture, which is deemed to have been made sometime between Japan's Kamakura Period and the Northern and Southern Dynasties Period.
The deer in Trans-Sacred Deer (g/p cloud) has a cloud-like form, and the Kaen Houju (flaming sacred jewel) is enshrined on top of a lotus pedestal mounted on the deer's saddle. It is as if a messenger of the gods has been summoned and, spanning the ages, has now appeared in this world.
           

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  • Dune#16

Dune

Possessing a format similar to a horizontal emaki picture scroll, Tornscape (2019) is a video installation that generates natural disasters, epidemics, and the like, and is based on a theme of life as transient and empty taken from Hojoki (An Account of My Hut). It uses a physics simulation to depict changes in landscape based on different types of drift sand and weather by employing a program based on the theory of the formation of sand dunes on Mars. Following on this experience of creating art on the computer in collaboration with programmers, Dune is a series that began from a process of trial and error in which we tried to actually represent landscape transformation using paint instead of video.
In the Dune series, things such as multiple types of media, paints with different granularity, and water are mixed, and then poured and spread over the support, producing a variety of different types of expression due to the relationship between the viscosity of the medium and the angle of the canvas. With Dune, paint left over from the Direction works after flowing down and off the canvas due to gravity, is recovered and reused on a level surface. The complex expression resulting from the differences in materiality produces the feeling of looking down and seeing the interrelationship between atmospheric phenomena and the landscape.
  • Dune#15
  • Dune#11
  • Dune#5
  • Dune
           

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  • Blue Seed_A, Blue Seed_B

Blue Seed

In Blue Seed, UV lasers irradiate the surface of a translucent panel painted with special pigments, depicting the silhouettes of the cross sections of 3D models with the theme of plant seeds and ovules. Line drawings that change color temporarily due to the ultraviolet light and appear to be saturated with blue slowly disappear several seconds after they form. A series of scanlines with precise pitch angle appear, with their afterimages forming three-dimensional images of seeds and ovules.
Usually with drawing, the artist faces the question of whether to fix the image created on the canvas, but with Blue Seed, the images are repeatedly generated by computer and then fade naturally, without ever being fixed. The images of seeds and ovules, which have the potential to grow as individual lifeforms, indicate the birth and ephemeral nature of life, which may flicker tenuously, but also possesses permanence as a continuous system.
Program: Ryo Shiraki / Soundscape: Marihiko Hara
           

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  • Silhouette#2

Silhouette

The sculpture installation Silhouette was part of the stage design at concerts held by pianist Koki Nakano at Spiral Hall in Tokyo and ROHM Theatre Kyoto in 2018. Revolutions of curves extracted from melodic sound determine the rotationally symmetric volumes, while highly reflective silicon carbide beads cover the surface “skin.” This approach of interpreting a melody as a waveform and transposing it to sculpture is related to Nawa's approach in works such as White Pulse and Ether. White Pulse (2012) was created as public art for Dover Street Market in Ginza, Tokyo, and gave form to the way that waves of energy passing through tubes expand outwards from the axis.
In the garden of F-Art House on the island of Inujima where he presented Biota as part of Setouchi Triennial 2013, Nawa arranged a number of Ether series works: symbolic expressions of the relationships between water, life, and gravity. Despite their quiet presence, each is imbued with the dynamism of wave motion and energy.
          

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  • Catalyst#21

Catalyst

Commencing from a single point and propagating as a network crawling around a space, Nawa’s Catalyst works are intermediate between sculpture and drawing. The series includes site-specific works drawn directly onto walls.
The thermoplastic glue that forms these networks becomes liquid when heated by a glue gun, but cools again when it adheres to the support, returning to solid form and becoming firmly fixed in place. Aggregations of transparent lines of glue develop into forms reminiscent of expanding neural networks, plant creepers growing in search of light, or slime molds. In the resulting shapes can be seen the urge to move upward in opposition to the pull of gravity, horizontal extension like that of spreading wings, and the downward stretch of stalks or stems.
These works at the interface between inorganic and organic seem to challenge our ideas of the desires and instincts programmed into cells, and our perceptions of the essence of life.
They bring to mind Nawa’s first work with glue, black yarn (2000, Gallery SOWAKA), which he created while in graduate school, vacillating between sculpture and drawing as he pursued inquiries into the long-standing question of when it is that materials or objects gain awareness.

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  • Moment#162, Moment#163, Moment#164

Moment

Moment is drawn using a tank of viscosity-adjusted paint to which a certain pressure is applied to force the paint out of a nozzle. The line of paint flows vertically downwards under gravity, like the black silicone oil in Nawa’s Force series. A horizontal force is then applied, moving the nozzle like a pendulum in order to draw lines of varying curvature on a horizontally-mounted support. In some Moment works, the nozzle is fixed and the support is moved horizontally instead. Those exhibited here follow that approach, using rapid, repetitive movements of the support to draw the lines.
With tracks of relative movement inscribed in this way, Moment serves to connect physicality with the Coriolis force produced by the inclination of the earth’s axis and centrifugal force, and with images of orbits or other manifestations of perpetual motion or mechanics in outer space.
Tiny reductions of pressure in the tank produce sporadic breaks in the lines, inscribing delicate rhythms and facilitating control of the density of the accumulation of lines, bringing temporo-spatial depth to the canvas. In order to demonstrate the link to the actual sensations appearing in Force and Direction, these Moment works are produced with the same colors and line widths as Force, and trimmed to the same 15-degree angle used in Direction.

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  • Rhythm#1 (Velvet), Rhythm#2 (Velvet), Rhythm#3 (Velvet), Rhythm#4 (Velvet)

Rhythm

Rhythm is a series of works where rhythmical movement is produced by the composition and the arrangement of combinations of cells of varying sizes.
In the PixCell series, for instance, placing crystal glass spheres of many different sizes affects the way that a viewer’s sight moves over the motif. Giving a distinctive depth to its skin, this amplifies the visual effect. This effect is also related to the wider and narrower bands of Direction, which are produced by groups of spheres of different sizes moving in parallel.
In order to give a simple demonstration of the shared sensation that underlies each of these series, for his new series, Rhythm, Nawa covered all surfaces of the spheres and the support with neutral gray pile to create a consistent velvet finish.
The inspiration came from an experiment at placing wooden spheres on a board in Nawa’s Drawing Room (“DR”) in Daikanyama, Tokyo. The result was the rhythm of the large and small spheres, but nothing else. However, during the Covid-19 pandemic, the neutral nature of that experiment gained the appearance of something else. Ironically, that strange sensation held a certain fascination.

Kohei Nawa

Sculptor / Director of Sandwich Inc. / Professor at Kyoto
University of the Arts
Born in 1975, and based in Kyoto, Japan, Kohei Nawa received a PhD in Fine Art / Sculpture from Kyoto City University of Arts in 2003, and established Sandwich in 2009. Focusing on the surface “skin” of sculpture as an interface connecting to the senses, Nawa began his PixCell series in 2002 based on the concept of the cell, symbolizing the information age. Adopting a flexible interpretation of the meaning of sculpture, he produces perceptual experiences that reveal the physical properties of materials to the viewer through works addressing themes related to life and the cosmos and to artistic sensibility and technology, including Direction, in which he produces paintings using gravity, Force, in which silicone oil pours down through space, Biomatrix, in which bubbles and grids emerge on a liquid surface, and Foam, in which bubbles form enormous volumes. Recently, Nawa has also worked on architectural projects, including the art pavilion Kohtei. VESSEL, a performance work produced in conjunction with Belgo-French choreographer and dancer Damian Jalet, has been presented around the world since its premiere in 2015. In 2018, his sculpture Throne was exhibited under the Pyramid at the Musée du Louvre in Paris, France.

Sandwich Inc.

Sandwich Inc. is a creative platform of
various disciplines based in a renovated sandwich factory near the Uji River in the Fushimi area of Kyoto. In addition to the studio, office, and workshop spaces, it has a residential area to provide accommodation. Led by Kohei Nawa, it functions as a space where creators from diverse fields, including architects, designers, engineers, choreographers, and dancers, can gather together to collaborate on a range of projects.

Kohei Nawa solo exhibition Oracle

Dates:

Friday, October 23, 2020 ‒ Sunday, January 31, 2021

Hours:

11:00 ‒ 20:00

Venue:

GYRE GALLERY, 5-10-1 Jingumae, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo

Cooperation:

SCAI THE BATHHOUSE, GRAND MARBLE, HiRAO INC, Sandwich Inc.